This paper describes the fractionation, chemical and physical characterization of processed gum Ghatti (Gatifolia SD), and identifies the source of its surface. PDF | On Jan 1, , S. Al-Assaf and others published Characterisation of gum ghatti and comparison with GUM arabic. Gum ghatti. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Redirect page. Jump to navigation Jump to search. Redirect to: Anogeissus latifolia · To scientific name of a.

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The viscosity is greater than Arabic, but less than Karaya. Gum Ghatti is the amorphous translucent exudate of the Anogeissus Latifolia tree of the Combretaceae family. Ghatti also finds application in emulsification of petroleum and non-petroleum waxes to form liquid and wax paste emulsions.

This allows the explosive cartridge to be submerged in water. The addition of sodium salts sodium carbonate, sodium chloride produces a typical viscosity reducing effect of simple electrolytes on a polymer.

Gum ghatti – Wikipedia

Used in combination with polyacrylamide to aid in the polymerization and formation of uniform and discrete prills of cross-linked polystrene. It is highest at pH 8: Ghatti stabilizes butter-containing table syrups. The lightest color yum the fum impurities and the greatest effectiveness in most applications.

Gum Ghatti prevents fluid loss in oil well drilling muds when used at low concentrations in neutral mixtures, and in high salt concentration. The tree occurs throughout the greater part of India; more commonly in the dry deciduous forests. It is used at about 0.


The locals pick the gums not tree-wise but area-wise and so mix the gums of a large variety of locally growing trees.

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Identification of Anogeissus latifolia Wallich and analysis of refined gum ghatti. The crude gum has a glossy fracture and occurs in rounded tears, which are normally less than 1 cm.

The grades vary from one another in terms of colour, solubility, viscosity, BFOM and total ash content.

The gum absorbs any water seeping in the cartridge and forms a surface protection for the interior gkm so that its detonation sensitivity is not impaired. Glycerin and ghatgi glycol may also be used. Its common names are axlewood Englishbakli, dhau, dhawa, dhawra, or dhaora Hinditakhian-nu Thaiand raam Vietnamese. The commercial powder is mesh and varies from buff to dark brown. Characterization of gum ghatti Anogeissus latifolia: Flow behavior characteristics of ice cream mix made with buffalo milk and various stabilizers.

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Benzoic acid, sodium acid as well as sodium benzoate at 0. Chemical Carcinogenesis Research Information System: They are easily preserved with a mixture of a maximum of 0.

Gum Ghatti solutions are sensitive to alkali. Ghatti modifies the refractive index of table syrup until the syrup becomes clear. The best crops are picked when the monsoon is not occurring, and the largest crop is harvested in April. If the gum is coarser than mesh, the sols will be grainy and will require a longer time to ghattl maximum viscosity due to the individual gum particles swelling, but still maintaining their individual particles.


Normally, Colony Gums imports three grades of Ghatti.

Gum ghatti

Foods Ghatti stabilizes butter-containing table syrups. Chemical Characteristics Gum Ghatti is a calcium-magnesium salt composed of L-arabinose, D-galactose, D-mannose, D-xylose, and D-glucuronic acid in a molar ration of It also occurs in larger vermiform masses. After picking the gum, it is dried in the sun for several days before being taken to the exporters in Bombay.

This viscosity profile gives it a unique status in the spectrum of hydrocolloids. Viscosity increases sharply with pH upto a maximum at about pH 8 and above that the solutions tend to become stringy. Gum Ghatti is a calcium-magnesium salt composed of L-arabinose, D-galactose, D-mannose, D-xylose, and D-glucuronic acid in a molar ration of Its leaves contain large amounts of tannin, and are used in India for tanning.

It is then hand sorted according to ghhatti and impurities into various grades before being exported to the United States.

Gum Ghatti — Vikaspedia

Industrial Powdered Ghatti is used in ammonium nitratesemigelatin mixtures, and powdered explosives to improve their resistance to water damage. A Carrageenan gel will start losing some of its strength at pH below 4—5 and above The finer the particle size of the powdered gum, the faster the gum will gjatti and reach its maximum viscosity.

Gum Ghatti will not form a true gel.

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